path: root/includes/job/README
diff options
Diffstat (limited to 'includes/job/README')
1 files changed, 81 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/includes/job/README b/includes/job/README
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..c11d5a78
--- /dev/null
+++ b/includes/job/README
@@ -0,0 +1,81 @@
+\ingroup JobQueue
+\page jobqueue_design Job queue design
+Notes on the Job queuing system architecture.
+\section intro Introduction
+The data model consist of the following main components:
+* The Job object represents a particular deferred task that happens in the
+ background. All jobs subclass the Job object and put the main logic in the
+ function called run().
+* The JobQueue object represents a particular queue of jobs of a certain type.
+ For example there may be a queue for email jobs and a queue for squid purge
+ jobs.
+\section jobqueue Job queues
+Each job type has its own queue and is associated to a storage medium. One
+queue might save its jobs in redis while another one uses would use a database.
+Storage medium are defined in a queue class. Before using it, you must
+define in $wgJobTypeConf a mapping of the job type to a queue class.
+The factory class JobQueueGroup provides helper functions:
+- getting the queue for a given job
+- route new job insertions to the proper queue
+The following queue classes are available:
+* JobQueueDB (stores jobs in the `job` table in a database)
+* JobQueueRedis (stores jobs in a redis server)
+All queue classes support some basic operations (though some may be no-ops):
+* enqueueing a batch of jobs
+* dequeueing a single job
+* acknowledging a job is completed
+* checking if the queue is empty
+Some queue classes (like JobQueueDB) may dequeue jobs in random order while other
+queues might dequeue jobs in exact FIFO order. Callers should thus not assume jobs
+are executed in FIFO order.
+Also note that not all queue classes will have the same reliability guarantees.
+In-memory queues may lose data when restarted depending on snapshot and journal
+settings (including journal fsync() frequency). Some queue types may totally remove
+jobs when dequeued while leaving the ack() function as a no-op; if a job is
+dequeued by a job runner, which crashes before completion, the job will be
+lost. Some jobs, like purging squid caches after a template change, may not
+require durable queues, whereas other jobs might be more important.
+\section aggregator Job queue aggregator
+The aggregators are used by nextJobDB.php, which is a script that will return a
+random ready queue (on any wiki in the farm) that can be used with runJobs.php.
+This can be used in conjunction with any scripts that handle wiki farm job queues.
+Note that $wgLocalDatabases defines what wikis are in the wiki farm.
+Since each job type has its own queue, and wiki-farms may have many wikis,
+there might be a large number of queues to keep track of. To avoid wasting
+large amounts of time polling empty queues, aggregators exists to keep track
+of which queues are ready.
+The following queue aggregator classes are available:
+* JobQueueAggregatorMemc (uses $wgMemc to track ready queues)
+* JobQueueAggregatorRedis (uses a redis server to track ready queues)
+Some aggregators cache data for a few minutes while others may be always up to date.
+This can be an important factor for jobs that need a low pickup time (or latency).
+\section jobs Jobs
+Callers should also try to make jobs maintain correctness when executed twice.
+This is useful for queues that actually implement ack(), since they may recycle
+dequeued but un-acknowledged jobs back into the queue to be attempted again. If
+a runner dequeues a job, runs it, but then crashes before calling ack(), the
+job may be returned to the queue and run a second time. Jobs like cache purging can
+happen several times without any correctness problems. However, a pathological case
+would be if a bug causes the problem to systematically keep repeating. For example,
+a job may always throw a DB error at the end of run(). This problem is trickier to
+solve and more obnoxious for things like email jobs, for example. For such jobs,
+it might be useful to use a queue that does not retry jobs.